The Paris Agreement on Climate Change said that the increase in global average temperature above pre-industrial levels should be held well below 2 degrees Celsius. It called for efforts to limite the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
We will not achieve this goal.
Achieving this goal would require strenuous efforts by all the countries of the world, particularly the rich, industrialized countries. Very few, if any, countries are making the required effort. This means that we are likely to pass the limits set by the agreement, with the accompanying disruptions of the climate – storms, droughts, heat waves, floods, polar melting, sea level rise, etc.
Achieving the goal is further complicated by the energy crisis brought on by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and the reduction of Russian energy exports to Western and Central Europe. The European energy crisis is forcing Europe to turn to polluting fossil fuels – even coal -- that increase global warming.
Renewable energy sources, mainly solar and wind, will not come on line fast enough to replace fossil fuels. Nuclear plants also take a long time to build and need a long lead time to come on line. In the short term we will continue to rely on fossil fuels that increase global warming.
According to the NOAA climate.gov website, the 2021 surface temperature was 0.84 degrees Celsius warmer than the twentieth century average of 13.9 degrees Celsius and 1.04 degrees Celsius warmer than the pre-industrial period (1880-1900). The earth’s temperature has been increasing by 0.18 degrees Celsius per decade recently. So, we don’t have many years to go before we reach and pass the limits set by the Paris Agreement.